Diabetes seems to be getting more common among the current population — lifestyle must have a role in it — though it’s still under research.
There are three main types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes , usually diagnosed in children and adolescents, occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that ensures body energy needs are met.
Approximately 10% of people with diabetes have Type 1 diabetes.
The remaining 90% have Type 2 diabetes , which occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body does not effectively use the insulin that is produced. Type 2 diabetes usually develops in adulthood, although increasing numbers of children in high-risk populations are being diagnosed.
A third type of diabetes, gestational diabetes, is a temporary condition that occurs during pregnancy. It affects approximately 3.5% of all pregnancies and involves an increased risk of developing diabetes for both mother and child.